Brief Review of The Personal Source Models. Bruce Joyce and Marsha Weil describe a Model of Teaching as a plan or pattern that can be used to shape curricula, to design instructional materials and to guide instruction in the classroom and other settings. Begins class promptly and in a well-organized way. To increase the students’ creativity and playfulness. This research work introduces a methodology of constructing a competence model from exercise characteristics by means of empirical statistical analysis. Flander).- Flander considered teaching process as an interaction process. The basic teaching model was developed by Robert Glaser (1962) on the basis of psychological principles. It is an important element of a teaching model. The primary purposes are : 2. 1-Â Â Â Â Encourage Art of Teaching- Teaching is considered as an art.. To help students develop plans for increasing their competence. It is based on the operant conditioning theory propounded by the eminent psychologist B.F. Skinner. Hence models of teaching train the student on how to learn. Abstracâ¦ Models of teaching are really models of learning. Behaviorism is a perspective on learning that focuses on changes in individualsâ Thus teaching models are just instructional designs. They first specify the teaching or learning outcomes in behavioral terms and then lay down a step by step procedure for the attainment of these outcomes. The essence of this model lies in adopting social inquiry approach especially useful for the teaching of topics and contents related to social sciences/ studied or dealing with the issues of social interests. Principles of Reaction tell the teacher how to regard the learner and to respond to what the learner does. Provide systematic procedure and organized efforts for the desirable modification of the behavior of the learners. When using direct instruction, monitoring student progress towards learning goals and providing clear feedback are necessary for conâ¦ Create assignments which directly relate to accomplishing the course objective. In addition to the common characteristics, each content area below has developed a set of content specific characteristics that demonstrate highly effective teaching and learning. Interactive Lecture Demonstrations Interactive demonstrations are physical models of systems that can be easily observed and manipulated and which have characteristics similar to key features of more complex systems in the real world. It helps in designing instructional activities and environmental facilities, carrying out of these activities and realization of the stipulated objectives.â. A- Instructional effects are the direct effects of the model which result from. There are also books on teaching models for special populations. It helps students to acquire information, ideas, skills, value, way of thinking and means of expressing themselves. Holds attention and respect of studentsâ¦.practices effective classroom management. The proper development of a teaching model is only possible when the assumptions are made clear by related thinking. A number of instructional strategies to realise different instructional goals have been developed recently by different researchers They have transformed existing knowledge in the learning and teaching processes into ‘Models of Teaching’ which can be used by teachers in the teaching, learning process for realising different instructional objectives. Give specific instructional design for particular type of instruction in specified teaching-learning situation. To solve problems on the basis of information and reasoning power. 6-Â Â Â Â Providing Appropriate Experiences- Teaching models provides proper experiences to both teacher and student. These include. Under syntax, the teaching tactics, teaching activities and interaction between a student and the teacher are determined in such a pattern of sequence that the teaching objectives are achieved conveniently by providing desirable environmental situations. 1- Encourage Art of Teaching- Teaching is considered as an art.. All the models in this family share a common theoretical base, a body of knowledge which referred to as behaviour theory. LITERATURE REVIEW -Meaning of Supervision in education -Models of Supervision Meaning of Supervision Contemporary writers have slightly different concepts about what supervision means. The mastery of academic concepts and facts, 3. The knowledge can not be provided merely by speaking the words or listening them. We look out the model of Taj Mahal and find it an exact replica of the original. help in specifying the criteria of acceptable performance expected from the learners in a specific teaching- learning situation. It helps in selecting and stimulating situations which causes the desirable changes in students. The objective of rule model is to devlop the logical reasoning capacities of the student. Designing appropriate educational activities, Specifying suitable ways and means of teaching learning. The four partsÂ of the modelÂ represent the basic divisions. It is a way to talk and think about instruction in which certain facts may be organized, classified and interpreted. Teaching models stimulates the development of new educational innovations in teaching strategies and tactics, which may replace the existing ones in schools of today. To develop creative competencies for problem solving. In another way the term "model" profoundly used by artists, architects or engineers in their professional activities, Initially, the models of dams, projects, installation or construction of machinery and equipment are prepared and then the work is carried out exactly as it has been laid down in the model. The most comprehensive review of teaching models is that of Joyce and Weil (1980). Prior to the sixties the research on important school- and classroom-related variables was directed toward the best traits or characteristics of teachers in an attempt to identify good teaching and the important characteristics of schools and communities that support good teaching. An interaction between a teacher and the student is more emphasised in this model. Is the outcome of the efforts of Benjamin Cox and Byron Massials. Teaching models encourages this art by providing learning environment. The support system relates to the additional requirements other than the usual human skills or capacities of the teacher and the facilities usually available in the ordinary classroom. 7-Â Â Â Â Maxims of Teaching- The basis of teaching model is the maxims of teaching.Â They are the foundation of each teaching model. According to this model the knowledge can not be provided merely through the expression of sence organs, but the knowlnd principles of language are most important.edge of the content is also a necessity. They are the indirect effects of the model. Hence the main aim of models â¦ This element is concerned with the teacherâs reaction to the students responses. In it, the evaluation is done by oral or written examination, whether the teaching objectives have been achieved or not. Teacher requirements refer to special skills, special knowledge of the teacher and special audio-visual material like films, elf-instructional material, visit to special place etc.This includes books, films, laboratory kits, reference materials etc. Through modelling the teacher lets the student know that it is not permissible of obscene nature in art book. It helps in making the teaching more effective. They attempt to help students understand themselves and their goals, and to develop the means for educating themselves. Models of teaching are known to serve three major function in a given teaching learning situation. The most frequent comment made by students in feedback on the qualities they value in teachers was that highly rated lecturers explained in a way which was clear and helped students to understand. In it also discussed the selection of motivating strategies and tectics for the students. Modelling effect can be seen when a teacher demonstrates to a student how to hold a pencil or write capital A and thus shows a new behaviour. Models of teaching are some sort of pattern or plans prepared in advance for the success of the teaching learning process. In it,he comes to know that how he has to react to the responses of the students and has to see whether the learners have been actively involved in the process, or not. 2-Â Â Â Â Development of Inherent Abilities -Teaching models bring about the qualitative development of personality as it helps in developing human abilities. Many of the personal models of teaching have been developed by counsellors, therapists and other persons interested in stimulating individual’s creativity and self expression. The eliciting effect takes place when through modelling; a teacher tries to teach students to get up when he enters the room. Provides the significance/importance of information to be learned. To become aware of personal and social values. In order to access the characteristics in each content area, please click a content area below. This model can describe experimenting and designing. Teaching models help to establish teaching and learning relationship empirically. Characteristics of Instructional Design Models According to Branch and Merrill (2002), there are several characteristics that should be present in all instructional design models: Instructional design is learner centered: Learner and his/her performance are the focal point. There are six characteristics of a model assignment which will not only alleviate instructor frustration, but also strengthen student writing and time management skills. Hence, teachers formulate different models of teaching under the influence of the philosophy they believe. They describe the process and producing particular environmental situations which cause the student to interact in such a way that specific change occurs in his behaviour. Proctor's Model. The performances of the student are evaluated. 213â214). On the basis of this success or failure, clear idea is achieved regarding the effectiveness ofÂ strategies, tactics and techniques used during teaching. In the construction of a curriculum or contents of a course. Each model attempts to desirable the feasibility of its use in varying contexts related with goal achievements in terms of cognitive, and affective behaviour modification. According to Joyce and Weil, Each model results in two types of effects Instructional and Nurturant. Dr.Â V.K.Maheshwari, M.A. Finally, results showed that there are no significant differences among school teachers in perceiving the proposed characteristics of effective professional development and in perceiving the most and the least effective professional development models that are attributed to their gender, years of experience in teaching, and school level. It is the systematic sequence of the activities in the model. C-Computer based teaching model ( Daniel Davis )-It is the most complicated model having , entering behaviour, determination of objectives and teaching aspect as fundamental elements. The Social System describes the role of and relationships between the teacher and the pupils. The synetics mode of teaching owes its origin to William JJ Gordon (1968). Instructional objectives, Entering behavior, instructional procedure, and finally performance assessment. 2- Psychological model of teaching: John P. Dececco had mentioned such types of models. Teaching models help curriculum planners to plan learning activities and content material which provide a variety of educational experiences to learners. 5-Â Â Â Â Answers Fundamental Questions- In every teaching model answers to all the fundamental questions pertaining to the behaviour of students and teachers are included. (Socio, Phil) B.Sc. Characteristics of a Teaching model . Teaching models assist teachers to develop their capacities to create conductive environment for teaching, as its nature is practical. 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